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Basic Information

What Is?

Primary Market

The primary market is where securities are created. It's in this market that firms sell (float) new stocks and bonds to the public for the first time.

Secondary Market

The secondary market, also called the aftermarket, is the financial market in which previously issued financial instruments such as stock, bonds, options, and futures are bought and sold.

Commodity Market

A commodity market is a market that trades in primary economic sector rather than manufactured products.

Intra-Day Trading

Day trading is speculation in securities, specifically buying and selling financial instruments within the same trading day

Delivery, Holding, Positional Trading

A position trader is a type of stock trader who holds a position for the long term (from months to years)

Derivative (F&O)

Futures and Options (F&O) are derivatives, meaning they are financial contracts whose value is “derived” from a spot price. Futures & Options derivatives can be found in equity market, commodity, forex and even in real estate markets. Expiry Date and Contract Cycle: Futures & Options contract have an expiry.

Definition: Having a value deriving from an underlying variable asset.

Future - contracts for assets (especially commodities or shares) bought at agreed prices but delivered and paid for later.

Option – An option is a financial derivative that represents a contract sold by one party (the option writer) to another party (the option holder). The contract offers the buyer the right, but not the obligation, to buy (call) or sell (put) a security or other financial asset at an agreed-upon price (the strike price) during a certain period of time or on a specific date

Call Option (CE): Call options give the option to buy at certain price, so the buyer would want the stock to go up.
Put Option (PE): Put options give the option to sell at a certain price, so the buyer would want the stock to go down.

Expiry Date
The expiration date for listed stock options in the India is normally the Last Thursday of the contract month, which is the month when the contract expires. However, when that Thursday falls on a holiday, the expiration date is on the Wednesday immediately before the last Thursday.

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